The Checklist of the Spiders of Iran (Arachnida: Araneae) --- Version 2018



 

Pholcidae C. L. Koch, 1850

1)   Artema doriae (Thorell, 1881)

Records: Alborz, Fars, Hamedan, Isfahan, Kerman, Kermanshah, Khuzestan, Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad, Lorestan, Mazandaran, Semnan, Tehran, Yazd.

Distribution: Israel and eastern Turkey to Afghanistan; introduced in Japan.

References:

Pholcus d. Thorell, 1881: 180 (♀).

A. transcaspica: Roewer, 1955: 752 (distribution record, misidentified per Mozaffarian & Marusik, 2001: 71).

A. transcaspica: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 4 (distribution record, misidentified per Aharon, Huber & Gavish-Regev, 2017: 30).

A. doriai: Tabrizi, Rad & Hedayati, 2014: 35, f. 1M-N, 3L-M (♀).

A. doriai: Malek Hosseini, Zamani & Sadeghi, 2015: 92 (distribution record).

A. doriai: Zamani, 2016b: 62 (distribution record).

A. d.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 14 (distribution record).

A. d.: Aharon, Huber & Gavish-Regev, 2017: 30, f. 1, 90–120, 205, 212 (♂♀).

2)   Artema transcaspica Spassky, 1934

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Central Asia, Iran.

References:

A. t.: Sadeghi et al., 2016: 6 (distribution record).

3)   Nita elsaff Huber & El-Hennawy, 2007

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Egypt, Uzbekistan, Iran.

References:

N. e.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 65, f. 5A-D (♂).

4)   Pholcus alticeps Spassky, 1932

Records: Gilan, Mazandaran, Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: From Belorussia to West Siberia, Tajikistan and Iran.

References:

P. a.: Senglet, 1974: 804, f. 9-14, 35 (♂♀).

P. a.: Senglet, 2008: 356 (distribution record).

P. a.: Huber, 2011: 381, f. 1755, 1786-1787, 1836-1852 (♂♀).

5)   Pholcus armeniacus Senglet, 1974*

Records: West Azarbayjan.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

P. a. Senglet, 1974: 810, f. 29-34, 37 (♂♀).

P. a.: Senglet, 2001: 55, f. 37 (♀).

P. a.: Senglet, 2008: 358 (distribution record).

P. a.: Huber, 2011: 377, f. 1748-1750, 1778-1779, 1823-1828 (♂♀).

6)   Pholcus arsacius Senglet, 2008*

Records: South Khorasan.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

P. a. Senglet, 2008: 363, f. 40-46, 55-56 (♂♀).

7)   Pholcus caspius Senglet, 2008*

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

P. c. Senglet, 2008: 360, f. 17-24, 49-50 (♂♀).

8)   Pholcus elymaeus Senglet, 2008*

Records: Kordestan.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

P. e. Senglet, 2008: 360, f. 25-32, 51-52 (♂♀).

9)   Pholcus hyrcanus Senglet, 1974*

Records: Golestan.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

P. h. Senglet, 1974: 806, f. 1-8, 36 (♂♀).

P. h.: Huber, 2011: 379, f. 1751, 1780-1781, 1829-1830 (♂♀).

10)                      Pholcus hystaspus Senglet, 2008*

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

P. h. Senglet, 2008: 358, f. 10-16 (♂♀).

11)                      Pholcus medicus Senglet, 1974*

Records: East Azarbayjan, Isfahan, Mazandaran, Tehran, Zanjan.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

P. m. Senglet, 1974: 808, f. 23-28, 39-40 (♂♀).

P. m.: Senglet, 2008: 358, f. 47-48 (♀).

P. m.: Huber, 2011: 379, f. 1752-1753, 1782-1783, 1831-1832 (♂♀).

12)                      Pholcus opilionoides (Schrank, 1781)

Records: Kerman.

Distribution: Europe to Azerbaijan, Iran (?).

References:

P. o.: Roewer, 1955: 752 (distribution record).

Comment: This species is misidentified.

13)                      Pholcus parthicus Senglet, 2008*

Records: North Khorasan.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

P. p. Senglet, 2008: 362, f. 33-39, 53-54 (♂♀).

14)                      Pholcus persicus Senglet, 1974*

Records: Fars.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

P. p. Senglet, 1974: 807, f. 15-22, 38 (♂♀).

P. p.: Huber, 2011: 381, f. 1754, 1784-1785, 1833-1835 (♂♀).

15)                      Pholcus phalangioides (Fuesslin, 1775)

Records: Gilan, Golestan, Tehran.

Distribution: Western Asia. Introduced to both Americas, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, New Zealand and numerous islands.

References:

P. p.: Komposch, 2002: 103 (distribution record).

P. p.: Ghavami et al., 2007: 2566 (distribution record).

P. p.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 4 (distribution record).

P. p.: Huber, 2011: 375, f. 20, 1760-1762, 1790-1791, 1819-1822 (♂♀).

P. p.: Kashefi et al., 2013: 13 (distribution record).

P. p.: Tabrizi, Rad & Hedayati, 2014: 35, f. 1I-L, 3H-K (♂♀).

P. p.: Zamani, 2015: 15 (distribution record).

16)                      Pholcus velitchkovskyi Kulczyński, 1913

Records: Golestan, Mazandaran.

Distribution: Crimea, Southwestern Russia, Iran.

References:

P. v.: Senglet, 2008: 355, f. 1-9 (♂♀).  

17)                      Physocyclus globosus (Taczanowski, 1874)

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: North America. Introduced to Africa, Iran, China, Japan, Philippines, Indonesia, Australia, Pacific islands.

References:

P. g.: Mirshamsi, 2005b: 61 (distribution record).

18)                      Psilochorus simoni (Berland, 1911)

Records: Golestan, Khuzestan, Mazandaran, Qazvin, Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: USA, Europe to Western Russia (elsewhere, introduced).

References:

P. s.: Ghavami et al., 2007: 2566 (distribution record).

P. s.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 4 (distribution record).

P. s.: Zamani, 2015: 15 (distribution record).

19)                      Spermophora persica Senglet, 2008*

Records: Kordestan.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

S. p. Senglet, 2008: 372, f. 107-117 (♂♀).

20)                      Spermophora senoculata (Dugès, 1836)

Records: Mazandaran, West Azarbayjan.

Distribution: Near East. Introduced to USA, southern Europe, China, Korea, Japan.

References:

S. s.: Senglet, 2008: 370, f. 106 (♀).

21)                      Spermophora senoculatoides Senglet, 2008*

Records: Kordestan.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

S. s. Senglet, 2008: 370, f. 96-105 (♂♀).