The Checklist of the Spiders of Iran (Arachnida: Araneae) --- Version 2018



 

Theridiidae Sundevall, 1833

1)   Anelosimus pulchellus (Walckenaer, 1802)

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Europe to Russia, Iran, North Africa.

References:

A. p.: Zamani et al., 2015: 344 (distribution record).

2)   Asagena phalerata (Panzer, 1801)

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Palaearctic.

References:

A. p.: Roewer, 1955: 753 (distribution record).

3)   Crustulina sticta (O. P.-Cambridge, 1861)

Records: Alborz.

Distribution: Holarctic.

References:

C. s.: Zamani, 2015: 16 (distribution record).

4)   Dipoena melanogaster (C. L. Koch, 1837)

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Europe, North Africa to Azerbaijan, Iran.

References:

D. m.: Zamani et al., 2015: 344 (distribution record).

5)   Enoplognatha iraqi Najim, Al-Hadlak & Seyyar, 2015^

Records: Khuzestan (?), Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Iraq, Iran.

References:

E. i. Najim, Al-Hadlak & Seyyar, 2015: 185 f. 2-4 (♂♀).

E. i.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 65 (distribution record).

Comment: This species was recorded at the border line of Iraq-Iran and most likely disperse in southwestern parts of Iran.

6)   Enoplognatha latimana Hippa & Oksala, 1982

Records: Alborz, Tehran.

Distribution: West Palaearctic and Nearctic.

References:

E. l.: Zamani et al., 2014b: 366 (distribution record).

E. l.: Zamani, 2016b: 99 (distribution record).

7)   Enoplognatha mandibularis (Lucas, 1846)

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: West Palaearctic.

References:

E. m.: Roewer, 1955: 753 (distribution record).

8)   Enoplognatha mediterranea Levy & Amitai, 1981^

Records: Ardebil.

Distribution: Turkey, Cyprus, Israel, Azerbaijan.

References:

E. m.: Ghavami, 2006: 1846 (distribution record).

9)   Enoplognatha mordax (Thorell, 1875)

Records: Ardebil.

Distribution: West Palaearctic.

References:

E. m.: Zamani, 2015: 17 (distribution record).

10)                      Enoplognatha ovata (Clerck, 1757)

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: West Palaearctic, introduced in Nearctic.

References:

E. o.: Zamani et al., 2015: 344 (distribution record).

11)                      Enoplognatha thoracica (Hahn, 1833)

Records: Ilam, Isfahan.

Distribution: Holarctic.

References:

E. t.: Zamani et al., 2017: 65 (distribution record).

E. t.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 16 (distribution record).

12)                      Enoplognatha turkestanica Charitonov, 1946

Records: Hormozgan.

Distribution: Central Asia, Iran.

References:

E. t.: Zamani et al., 2016: 112 (distribution record).

13)                      Episinus truncatus Latreille, 1809

Records: Golestan, Mazandaran.

Distribution: West Palaearctic.

References:

E. t.: Zamani et al., 2015: 344 (distribution record).

E. t.: Zamani, 2016b: 100 (distribution record).

14)                      Euryopis clara Ponomarev, 2005

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Kazakhstan, Iran.

References:

E. clarus: Zamani et al., 2017b: 65, f. 6A-F (♂♀).

15)                      Euryopis quinqueguttata Thorell, 1875

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Europe, Egypt to Turkmenistan.

References:

E. q.: Zamani et al., 2016: 112 (distribution record).

16)                      Euryopis sexalbomaculata (Lucas, 1846)

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Mediterranean, Ukraine, Russia, Iran.

References:

E. flavomaculata: Zamani et al., 2015: 344 (distribution record, misidentified per Zamani et al., 2017b: 65).

17)                      Heterotheridion nigrovariegatum (Simon, 1873)

Records: Golestan, Mazandaran, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran, Yazd.

Distribution: West Palaearctic.

References:

H. n.: Knoflach, Rollard & Thaler, 2009: 238, f. 32-33, 44, 59 (♂♀).

H. n.: Zamani et al., 2015: 344 (distribution record).

H. n.: Zamani, 2016b: 101 (distribution record).

H. n.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 16 (distribution record).

18)                      Kochiura aulica (C. L. Koch, 1838)

Records: Gilan, Zanjan.

Distribution: Canary Is., Cape Verde Is. to Azerbaijan, Iran.

References:

Anelosimus aulicus: Ghavami, 2006: 1846 (distribution record).

K. a.: Zamani, 2015: 15 (distribution record).

19)                      Lasaeola prona (Menge, 1868)

Records: Gilan, Golestan, Zanjan.

Distribution: West Palaearctic and Nearctic.

References:

Dipoena p.: Ghavami, 2007: 689 (distribution record).

Dipoena p.: Ghavami et al., 2007: 2567 (distribution record).

20)                      Latrodectus cinctus Blackwall, 1865

Records: Bushehr, Hormozgan, Khuzestan.

Distribution: Cape Verde Is., Africa, Kuwait, Iran.

References:

L. hasselti: Pickard-Cambridge, 1902: 255, pl. 26, f. 4, pl. 27, f. 6 (distribution record, misidentified per Zamani et al., 2014a: 65).

L. hasselti: Goudarzi & Abdigoudarzi, 2010: 168 (distribution record, misidentified per Zamani et al., 2014a: 65).

L. hasselti: Shahi et al., 2011: 64 (distribution record, misidentified per Zamani et al., 2014a: 65).

L. c.: Zamani et al., 2014a: 59, f. 2D, 3D, 4D (♂♀).

L. c.: Zamani, 2016b: 102 (distribution record).

21)                      Latrodectus dahli Levi, 1959

Records: Bushehr, East Azarbayjan, Fars, Hormozgan, North Khorasan, Razavi Khorasan, South Khorasan.

Distribution: Morocco to Tajikistan.

References:

L. d. Levi, 1959: 42, f. 11-12 (♀).

L. d.: Mirshamsi, 2005a: 56, f. 4A-E (♂♀).

L. d.: Rafinejad et al., 2007: 53 (distribution record).

L. d.: Jäger & Gromov, 2011: 188, f. 1-2 (♀).

L. d.: Rahmani et al., 2014: 85 (distribution record).

L. d.: Zamani et al., 2014a: 59, f. 2A, 3A, 4B (♂♀).

22)                      Latrodectus geometricus C.L. Koch, 1841

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Africa. Introduced to both Americas, Near East, Iran, Pakistan, India, Thailand, Japan, Papua New Guinea, Australia, Hawaii.

References:

L. g.: Rafinejad et al., 2007: 53 (distribution record).

L. g.: Zamani et al., 2014a: 60 (distribution record).

23)                      Latrodectus pallidus O. P.-Cambridge, 1872

Records: Alborz, Bushehr, Hormozgan, Qazvin, Razavi Khorasan, South Khorasan, Semnan.

Distribution: Cape Verde Is., Libya to Uzbekistan.

References:

L. p.: Pickard-Cambridge, 1902: 253, pl. 26, f. 1 (distribution record).

L. p.: Shulov, 1940: 319 (distribution record).

L. p.: Mirshamsi, 2005a: 54, f. 3A-E (♂♀).

L. p.: Mirshamsi, 2005b: 63 (distribution record).

L. p.: Rafinejad et al., 2007: 53 (distribution record).

L. p.: Zamani et al., 2014a: 60, f. 2C, 3C, 4E (♂♀).

L. p.: Zamani, 2016b: 54 (distribution record).

24)                      Latrodectus tredecimguttatus (Rossi, 1790)

Records: Alborz, Bushehr, East or West Azarbayjan, Fars, Golestan, Hormozgan, Khuzestan, Mazandaran, North Khorasan, Qom, Razavi Khorasan, Semnan, Tehran.

Distribution: Mediterranean to northwestern China.

References:

Lathrodectus tredecim-guttatus: Pocock, 1899: 400 (distribution record).

L. t.: Pickard-Cambridge, 1902: 254, pl. 26, f. 3 (distribution record).

Lathrodectes t.: Werner, 1936: 203 (distribution record).

Lathrodectes t.: Pavlovsky, 1942: 62 (distribution record).

L. t.: Roewer, 1959: 12 (distribution record).

L. hasselti: Roewer, 1959: 12 (distribution record, misidentified per Zamani et al., 2014a: 64).

L. teredecimguttatus: Darvish & Mirshamsi, 1999: 5, f. 4a-c, 6a-d, 7 (♂♀).

L. t.: Mirshamsi, 2005a: 54, f. 2A-E (♂♀).

L. t.: Mirshamsi, 2005b: 63 (distribution record).

L. t.: Ghavami, 2007: 689 (distribution record).

L. t.: Ghavami et al., 2007: 2567 (distribution record).

L. t.: Rafinejad et al., 2007: 53 (distribution record).

L. t.: Zamani et al., 2014a: 60, f. 2B, 3B, 4C (♂♀).

L. t.: Zamani, 2015: 15 (distribution record).

L. t.: Zamani, 2016b: 106 (distribution record).

L. t.: Sanaei-Zadeh, 2017: 4704 (distribution record).

L. t.: Mollaiizadeh et al., 2017: 562 (distribution record).

25)                      Neottiura bimaculata (Linnaeus, 1767)

Records: Markazi, Mazandaran, Tehran.

Distribution: Holarctic.

References:

N. b.: Zamani et al., 2015: 345 (distribution record).

N. b.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 17 (distribution record).

26)                      Parasteatoda lunata (Clerck, 1757)

Records: Golestan.

Distribution: Palaearctic.

References:

P. l.: Kashefi et al., 2013: 14 (distribution record).

27)                      Parasteatoda tepidariorum (C.L. Koch, 1841)

Records: Gilan, Golestan, Isfahan, Mazandaran.

Distribution: South America. Introduced to Canada, USA, Europe, Iran, Seychelles, China, Japan, New Zealand, Hawaii.

References:

Achaearanea t.: Mozaffarian, 2000: 108 (distribution record).

Achaearanea t.: Komposch, 2002: 103 (distribution record).

P. t.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 6 (distribution record).

P. t.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 17 (distribution record).

28)                      Pholcomma gibbum (Westring, 1851)

Records: Ardebil (?).

Distribution: Europe, North Africa to Azerbaijan, Iran (?).

References:

P. g.: Marusik & Guseinov, 2003: 43 (distribution record).

Comment: This species was reported from the border of Iran and Azerbaijan in Astara. Although there are no records of it from Iran, we assume that it should be widespread in northeastern part of the country.

29)                      Phylloneta impressa (C. L. Koch, 1881)

Records: Ardebil, Fars, Golestan, Mazandaran, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran, West Azarbayjan.

Distribution: Holarctic.

References:

Theridion impressum: Ghavami, 2007: 690 (distribution record).

Theridion impressum: Ghavami, 2008: 687 (distribution record).

Theridion impressum: Ghavami et al., 2008: 183 (distribution record).

P. i.: Namaghi, Kaykhosravi & Zamani, 2014: 108 (distribution record).

P. i.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 17 (distribution record).

30)                      Platnickina tincta (Walckenaer, 1802)

Records: East Azarbayjan, Gilan.

Distribution: Holarctic.

References:

Theridion tinctum: Roewer, 1955: 873 (distribution record).

31)                      Robertus arundineti (O. P.-Cambridge, 1871)

Records: Fars.

Distribution: West Palaearctic.

References:

R. a.: Zamani et al., 2016: 112 (distribution record).

32)                      Robertus lividus (Blackwall, 1836)

Records: Isfahan.

Distribution: Holarctic.

References:

Ctenium lividum: Roewer, 1955: 873 (distribution record).

33)                      Simitidion simile (C.L. Koch, 1836)

Records: Alborz, Golestan, Markazi, Mazandaran, Tehran.

Distribution: West Palaearctic and Nearctic.

References:

Theridion s.: Ghavami, 2007: 689 (distribution record).

Theridion s.: Ghavami et al., 2007: 2567 (distribution record).

Theridion s.: Ghavami, 2008: 687 (distribution record).

Theridion s.: Ghavami & Amooz, 2008: 74 (distribution record).

S. s.: Zamani, 2015: 15 (distribution record).

S. s.: Zamani, 2016b: 110 (distribution record).

34)                      Steatoda albomaculata (De Geer, 1778)

Records: Alborz, Gilan, Golestan, Isfahan, Kerman, Mazandaran, Qazvin, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran, Zanjan.

Distribution: Holarctic distribution from North America to Europe, North Africa to Iran, Siberia, China, Korea, Japan.

References:

Lithyphantes albomaculatus: Roewer, 1955: 753 (distribution record).

S. a.: Mirshamsi, 2005b: 63 (distribution record).

S. a.: Ghavami, 2007: 689 (distribution record).

S. albimaculata: Ghavami et al., 2007: 2567 (distribution record).

S. a.: Ghavami & Amooz, 2008: 74 (distribution record).

S. a.: Zamani, 2016b: 111 (distribution record).

S. a.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 17 (distribution record).

S. a.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 58 (distribution record).

35)                      Steatoda bipunctata (Linnaeus, 1758)

Records: Gilan.

Distribution: Palaearctic, Nearctic (introduced).

References:

S. b.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 68, f. 5E (♀).

36)                      Steatoda dahli (Nosek, 1905)

Records: Isfahan, Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Turkey to Kyrgyzstan.

References:

S. d.: Mirshamsi, 2005b: 63 (distribution record).

S. d.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 58 (distribution record).

37)                      Steatoda ephippiata (Thorell, 1875)

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Algeria to Israel, Iran.

References:

S. e.: Zamani et al., 2016: 112 (distribution record).

38)                      Steatoda maura (Simon, 1909)

Records: Razavi Khorasan, Tehran.

Distribution: Mediterranean, Iran.

References:

S. m.: Mirshamsi, 2005b: 63 (distribution record).

S. m.: Zamani, 2016b: 112 (distribution record).

39)                      Steatoda nobilis (Thorell, 1875)

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Macaronesia. Introduced to USA, Chile, SW Europe, Turkey, Iran.

References:

S. n.: Zamani et al., 2015: 345 (distribution record).

40)                      Steatoda paykulliana (Walckenaer, 1805)

Records: Alborz, Ardebil, Bushehr, Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiary, Fars, Gilan, Golestan, Hormozgan, Ilam, Khuzestan, Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad, Kordestan, Markazi, Mazandaran, Qazvin, Qom, Razavi Khorasan, Semnan, Tehran.

Distribution: Europe, Mediterranean to Central Asia.

References:

S. p.: Komposch, 2002: 103 (distribution record).

S. p.: Mirshamsi, 2005b: 63 (distribution record).

S. p.: Mirshamsi, 2006: 2, f. 2-6 (♂♀).

S. p.: Ghavami, 2007: 689 (distribution record).

S. p.: Ghavami, 2008: 687 (distribution record).

S. p.: Ghavami & Amooz, 2008: 74 (distribution record).

S. p.: Ghavami et al., 2008: 183 (distribution record).

S. p.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 6 (distribution record).

S. p.: Ghahari & Tabari, 2012: 139 (distribution record).

S. p.: Kashefi et al., 2013: 14 (distribution record).

S. p.: Tabrizi, Rad & Hedayati, 2014: 37, f. 2N-O, 4P-Q (♂♀).

S. p.: Zamani, 2015: 15 (distribution record).

S. p.: Sadeghi et al., 2016: 7 (distribution record).

S. p.: Zamani, 2016a: 13 (distribution record).

S. p.: Zamani, 2016b: 113 (distribution record).

S. p.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 17 (distribution record).

S. p.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 60 (distribution record).

41)                      Steatoda triangulosa (Walckenaer, 1802)

Records: Alborz, Golestan, Isfahan, Mazandaran, Tehran.

Distribution: Europe. Introduced to Canada, USA, Canary Is.

References:

S. t.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 6 (distribution record).

S. t.: Kashefi et al., 2013: 14 (distribution record).

S. t.: Zamani, 2016b: 114 (distribution record).

S. t.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 17 (distribution record).

42)                      Theridion hemerobium Walckenaer, 1805

Records: Gilan, Mazandaran.

Distribution: Nearctic and West Palaearctic.

References:

T. h.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 6 (distribution record).

T. h.: Zamani, 2015: 15 (distribution record).

T. h.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 17 (distribution record).

43)                      Theridion melanurum Hahn, 1831

Records: Golestan, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran, Zanjan.

Distribution: Europe to Siberia, Macaronesia, North Africa, Middle East. Introduced to USA.

References:

T. m.: Komposch, 2002: 103 (distribution record).

T. m.: Mirshamsi, 2005b: 63 (distribution record).

T. m.: Ghavami et al., 2007: 2567 (distribution record).

T. m.: Zamani, 2016b: 115 (distribution record).

44)                      Theridion varians Hahn, 1831

Records: Fars, Kerman.

Distribution: Holarctic.

References:

T. v.: Roewer, 1955: 873 (distribution record).