The Checklist of the Spiders of Iran (Arachnida: Araneae) --- Version 2017



 

Azarkina, G. N. (2002). New and poorly known species of the genus Aelurillus Simon, 1884 from central Asia, Asia Minor and the eastern Mediterranean (Araneae: Salticidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 12: 249-263.

Azarkina, G. (2004). New and poorly known Palaearctic species of the genus Phlegra Simon, 1876 (Araneae, Salticidae). Revue Arachnologique 14: 73-108.

Azarkina, G. N. & Mirshamsi, O. (2014). Description of a new Aelurillus species from Khorasan province of Iran, with comments on A. concolor Kulczyński, 1901 (Araneae: Salticidae). Zoology in the Middle East 60(1): 82-91.

Baum, S. (1972). Zum "Cribellaten-Problem": Die Genitalstrukturen der Oecobiinae und Urocteinae (Arach.: Aran: Oecobiidae). Abhandlungen und Verhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg (N.F.) 16: 101-153.

Bayram, A., Kunt, K. B. & Danışman, T. (2014). The Checklist of Spiders of Turkey, version 2014. Online: http://www.spidersofturkey.info/.

Brignoli, P. M. (1970). Un nuovo Leptyphantes cavernicolo dell'Iran (Araneae, Linyphiidae). Fragmenta Entomologica 7: 55-60.

Brignoli, P. M. (1972). Une nouvelle Brachythele de l'Iran (Arachnida, Araneae, Dipluridae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 79: 409-413.

Brignoli, P. M. (1977). Sur quelques Agelenidae et Hahniidae (Araneae) d'Afrique du Nord. Revue Arachnologique 1: 13-21.

Brignoli, P. M. (1978). Ragni di Turchia V. Specie nuove o interessanti, cavernicole ed epigee, di varie famiglie (Araneae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 85: 461-541.

Brignoli, P. M. (1979). Contribution à la connaissance des Uloboridae paléarctiques (Araneae). Revue Arachnologique 2: 275-282.

Brignoli, P. M. (1980). A new Harpactea from Iran (Araneae, Dysderidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 5: 95-97.

Brignoli, P. M. (1982). Contribution à la connaissance des Filistatidae paléarctiques (Araneae). Revue Arachnologique 4: 65-75.

Buchar, J. & Thaler, K. (1995). Zur Variation der Kopulationsorgane von Pistius truncatus (Pallas) (Araneida, Thomisidae) in Mitteleuropa. Linzer Biologische Beiträge 27: 653-663.

Burger, M., Nentwig, W. & Kropf, C. (2003). Complex genital structures indicate cryptic female choice in a haplogyne spider (Arachnida, Araneae, Oonopidae, Gamasomorphinae). Journal of Morphology 255: 80-93.

Coddington, J. A. & Levi, H. W. (1991). Systematics and Evolution of Spiders (Araneae). Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 22:565-592.

Darvish, J. & Mirshamsi, O. (1999). Identification and study of black widow spider Latrodectus teredecimguttatus [sic] in Khorasan Province. Journal of Biaban 3(1/2): 1-14. [In Persian]

Esyunin, S. L., Rad, P. & Kamoneh, M. S. (2011). A new species of lynx spider of the heterophthalmus group, Oxyopes iranicus sp. n. (Aranei: Oxyopidae) from Iran. Arthropoda Selecta 20: 125-127.

Esyunin, S. L. & Sozontov, A. N. (2015). Spiders of the genus Pisaura Simon, 1885 (Aranei, Pisauridae) in Middle Volga and Cisurals territories, with notes on the distribution of P. novicia (L. Koch, 1878). Euroasian Entomological Journal 14: 325-333. [In Russian]

Ghahari, H. & Marusik, Y. M. (2009). New data on spider fauna of Iran (Araneae). Turkish Journal of Arachnology 2: 1-8.

Ghahari, H. & Tabari, M. (2012). Fauna and population fluctuations of spiders (Arthropoda: Araneae) in rice fields of Mazandaran Province. Journal of Plant Protection 26(2): 136-144. [In Persian]

Ghavami, S. (2006). Renew checklist of spiders (Aranei) of Iran. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 9(10): 1839-1851.

Ghavami, S. (2007). Spider fauna in Caspian coastal region of Iran. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 10(5): 682-691.

Ghavami, S. (2008). Investigation fauna and density of population of spiders in the desert and pomegranate orchards in Tehran and Semnan Provinces. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 11(5): 686-691.

Ghavami, S., Ahmadi, M. D., Soody, S., Amooz, S. G. & Saeb, J. (2007). An investigation of spider fauna of olive orchards in northern part of Iran. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 10(15): 2562-2568.

Ghavami, S., Amin, G. A., Taghizadeh, M. & Karimian, Z. (2008). Investigation of abundance and determination of dominant species of spider species in Iranian cotton fields. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 11(2): 181-187.

Ghavami, S. & Amooz, S. G. (2008). Spider (Order Araneae) fauna of citrus orchards in northern part of Iran. Journal of Applied Biological Sciences 2(1): 73-76.

Helsdingen, P. J. (2014). Fauna Europaea: Araneae, version 2.6. Available from: http://www.faunaeur.org/.

Helsdingen, P. J. van, Thaler, K. & Deltshev, C. (1977). The tenuis group of Lepthyphantes Menge (Araneae, Linyphiidae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 120: 1-54.

Hosseini, M., Mirshamsi, O., Kashefi, R. & Fekrat, L. (2014). A contribution to the knowledge of spiders in wheat fields of Khorasan-e-Razavi Province, Iran. Turkish Journal of Zoology 38: 437-443.

Huber, B. A. (2011). Revision and cladistic analysis of Pholcus and closely related taxa (Araneae, Pholcidae). Bonner Zoologische Monographien 58: 1-509.

Huseynov, E. F. (2005). Natural prey of the jumping spider Menemerus taeniatus (Araneae: Salticidae). Eurasian Journal of Entomology 102: 797-799.

Jäger, P. (2012). A review on the spider genus Argiope Audouin 1826 with special emphasis on broken emboli in female epigynes (Araneae: Araneidae: Argiopinae). Beiträge zur Araneologie 7: 272-331.

Jäger, P. & Gromov, A. V. (2011). First records of Latrodectus dahli Levi, 1959 from Morocco, Turkey, Turkmenistan and the United Arab Emirates. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 15: 188-192.

Kashefi, R., Ghassemzadeh, F., Kami, H. G. & Mirshamsi, O. (2013). New data on spider fauna from Golestan province, Iran (Arachnida, Araneae). Progress in Biological Sciences 3(1): 7-22.

Kastrygina, Z. A. & Kovblyuk, M. M. (2013). A review of the spider genus Thanatus C.L. Koch, 1837 in Crimea (Aranei: Philodromidae). Arthropoda Selecta 22: 239-254.

Knoflach, B., Rollard, C. & Thaler, K. (2009). Notes on Mediterranean Theridiidae (Araneae) - II. ZooKeys 16: 227-264.

Komposch, C. (2002). Spinnen, Weberknechte, Skorpione und Walzenspinnen aus dem Iran (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Scorpiones, Solifugae). In: Gutleb, B. & Wieser, C. (eds.) Ergebnisse einer zoologischen Exkursion in den Nordiran, 2001. Carinthia II 192/112, 33-140.

Kranz-Baltensperger, Y., Platnick, N. I. & Dupérré, N. (2009). A new genus of the spider family Caponiidae (Araneae, Haplogynae) from Iran. American Museum Novitates 3656: 1-12.

Kraus, O. & Baur, H. (1974). Die Atypidae der West-Paläarktis: Systematik, Verbreitung und Biologie (Arach.: Araneae). Abhandlungen und Verhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg (N.F.) 17: 85-116.

Kraus, O. & Kraus, M. (1989). The genus Stegodyphus (Arachnida, Araneae). Sibling species, species groups, and parallel origin of social living. Verhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg 30: 151-254.

Levi, H. W. (1959). The spider genus Latrodectus (Araneae, Theridiidae). Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 78: 7-43.

Levy, G. (1996). The agelenid funnel-weaver family and the spider genus Cedicus in Israel (Araneae, Agelenidae and Cybaeidae). Zoologica Scripta 25: 85-122.

Levy, G. (2002). Spiders of the genera Micaria and Aphantaulax (Araneae, Gnaphosidae) from Israel. Israel Journal of Zoology 48: 111-134.

Logunov, D. V. (1996). Salticidae of Middle Asia. 3. A new genus, Proszynskiana gen. n., in the subfamily Aelurillinae (Araneae, Salticidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 10: 171-177.

Logunov, D. V. (1998). New species and new records of Palaearctic Sitticus (Araneae: Salticidae). Zoosystematica Rossica 7: 77-83.

Logunov, D. V. (1999). Redefinition of the genus Habrocestoides Prószyński, 1992, with establishment of a new genus, Chinattus gen n. (Araneae: Salticidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 139-149.

Logunov, D. V. (2001a). A redefinition of the genera Bianor Peckham & Peckham, 1885 and Harmochirus Simon, 1885, with the establishment of a new genus Sibianor gen. n. (Aranei: Salticidae). Arthropoda Selecta 9: 221-286.

Logunov, D. V. (2001b). New and poorly known species of the jumping spiders (Aranei: Salticidae) from Afghanistan, Iran and Crete. Arthropoda Selecta 10: 59-66.

Logunov, D. V. (2004). Notes on new and poorly known Palaearctic species of the genera Neon, Sitticus and Synageles (Araneae: Salticidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 13: 33-40.

Logunov, D. V. (2006). Notes on Xysticus kempeleni Thorell, 1872 and two closely related spider species (Araneae: Thomisidae). Acta Arachnologica, Tokyo 55: 59-66.

Logunov, D. V. (2007). A new species of the genus Pseudicius Simon 1885 (Araneae: Salticidae) from SW Iran. Acta Arachnologica, Tokyo 56: 21-23.

Logunov, D. V. (2009). New and poorly known species of Salticidae (Araneae) from Turkey and Iran. Contributions to Natural History 12: 899-919.

Logunov, D. V. (2010). Taxonomic notes on a collection of jumping spiders from Iran (Araneae, Salticidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 15: 85-90.

Logunov, D. V. (2011). Notes on the Philodromidae (Araneae) of the United Arab Emirates. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences 315: 441-451.

Logunov, D. V. (2012). A synopsis of the genus Zyuzicosa Logunov, 2010 (Aranei: Lycosidae). Arthropoda Selecta 21: 349-362.

Logunov, D. V. (2015). Taxonomic-faunistic notes on the jumping spiders of the Mediterranean (Aranei: Salticidae). Arthropoda Selecta 24: 33–85.

Logunov, D. V. & Koponen, S. (2002). Redescription and distribution of Phlegra hentzi (Marx, 1890) comb. n. (Araneae, Salticidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 12: 264-267.

Logunov, D. V. & Kronestedt, T. (2003). A review of the genus Talavera Peckham and Peckham, 1909 (Araneae, Salticidae). Journal of Natural History 37: 1091-1154.

Logunov, D. V. & Marusik, Y. M. (1999). A brief review of the genus Chalcoscirtus Bertkau, 1880 in the faunas of Central Asia and the Caucasus (Aranei: Salticidae). Arthropoda Selecta 7: 205-226.

Logunov, D. V. & Marusik, Y. M. (2000). Miscellaneous notes on Palaearctic Salticidae (Arachnida: Aranei). Arthropoda Selecta 8: 263-292.

Logunov, D. V., Marusik, Y. M. & Koponen, S. (2002). Redescription of a poorly known spider species, Xysticus kulczynskii Wierzbicki 1902 (Araneae: Thomisidae). Acta Arachnologica, Tokyo 51: 99-104.

Logunov, D. V., Marusik, Y. M. & Mozaffarian, F. (2002). Faunistic review of the jumping spiders of Iran (Aranei: Salticidae). Arthropoda Selecta 10: 155-167.

Logunov, D. V., Marusik, Y. M. & Rakov, S. Y. (1999). A review of the genus Pellenes in the fauna of Central Asia and the Caucasus (Araneae, Salticidae). Journal of Natural History 33: 89-148.

Logunov, D. V., Mirshamsi, O., Musavi, S. & Shayestehfar, A. (2013). New faunistic records of Salticidae (Aranei) from Khorasan Province of Iran. Arthropoda Selecta 22(4): 379-381.

Logunov, D. V., Vazirianzadeh, B., Moravvej, S. A. & Navidpour, S. (2006). New faunistic records of the jumping and crab spiders (Aranei: Salticidae, Thomisidae and Philodromidae) from Iran. Arthropoda Selecta 15: 225-228.

Makhan, D. & Ezzatpanah, S. (2011). Harryoonops amrishi gen. et sp. nov., the first Oonopidae species (Araneae) described from Iran. Calodema 170: 1-5.

Malek Hosseini, M.-J., Grismado, C. J., Sadeghi, S. & Bakhshi, Y. (2015). Description of the first cave dwelling species of the spider genus Trilacuna Tong & Li from Iran (Araneae: Oonopidae). Zootaxa 3972(4): 549-561.

Malek Hosseini, M. J., Zamani, A. & Sadeghi, S. (2015). A survey of cave-dwelling spider fauna of Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad and Fars Provinces, Iran (Arachnida: Araneae). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 27: 90-94.

Marusik, Y. M. (2010). First description of the male of Prodidomus redikorzevi Spassky, 1940 (Aranei: Prodidomidae). Acta Arachnologica, Tokyo 58: 59-63.

Marusik, Y. M., Ballarin, F. & Omelko, M. M. (2012). On the Pardosa monticola-species group from Iran (Araneae: Lycosidae). Zoology in the Middle East 56: 111-123.

Marusik, Y. M. & Fet, V. (2009). A survey of east Palearctic Hersiliola Thorell, 1870 (Araneae, Hersiliidae), with a description of three new genera. ZooKeys 16: 75-114.

Marusik, Y. M. & Guseinov, E. F. (2003). Spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Azerbaijan. 1. New family and genus records. Arthropoda Selecta 12: 29-46.

Marusik, Y. M., Koponen, S. & Fritzén, N. R. (2009). On two sibling Lathys species (Araneae, Dictynidae) from northern Europe. ZooKeys 16: 181-195.

Marusik, Y. M., Logunov, D. V. & Koponen, S. (2000). Spiders of Tuva, south Siberia. Institute for Biological Problems of the North, Magadan, 253 pp.

Marusik, Y. M., Nadimi, A., Omelko, M. M. & Koponen, S. (2014). First data about cave spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) from Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 60(3): 255-266.

Marusik, Y. M., Omelko, M. M. & Koponen, S. (2013). Redescription of Pterotricha loeffleri (Roewer, 1955) (Aranei: Gnaphosidae: Gnaphosinae). Arthropoda Selecta 22: 349-352.

Marusik, Y. M., Özkütük, R. S. & Kunt, K. B. (2013). On the identity and distribution of the poorly known spider Orthobula charitonovi (Mikhailov, 1986) (Aranei: Corinnidae). Arthropoda Selecta 22: 157-162.

Marusik, Y. M. & Zamani, A. (2015a). The spider family Filistatidae (Araneae) in Iran. ZooKeys 516: 123-135.

Marusik, Y. M. & Zamani, A. (2015b). Additional new species of Filistatidae (Aranei) from Iran. Arthropoda Selecta 24(4): 429-435.

Marusik, Y. M. & Zamani, A. (2015c). First description of the male of Tegenaria zamanii Marusik & Omelko, 2014 from Iran (Araneae: Agelenidae). Zootaxa 4052(2): 226-228.

Marusik, Y. M. & Zamani, A. (2016). A new species of Sahastata (Aranei, Filistatidae) from Southern Iran. Vestnik Zoologii 50(3): 267-270.

Marusik, Y. M., Zamani, A. & Mirshamsi, O. (2014). Three new species of mygalomorph and filistatid spiders from Iran (Araneae, Cyrtaucheniidae, Nemesiidae and Filistatidae). ZooKeys 463: 1-10.

Marusik, Y. M. & Zonstein, S. L. (2014). A synopsis of Middle East Filistata (Aranei: Filistatidae), with description of new species from Azerbaijan. Arthropoda Selecta 23(2): 199-205.

Mikhailov, K. G. (2003). The spider genus Clubiona Latreille, 1804 (Aranei: Clubionidae) in the fauna of the former USSR: 2003 update. Arthropoda Selecta 11: 283-317.

Mikhailov, K. G. (2013). The spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Russia and adjacent countries: a non-annotated checklist. Arthropoda Selecta, Supplement 3: 1-262.

Mikhailov, K. G. (2015). New Record of Clubiona mazandaranica from Iran (Aranei, Clubionidae). Vestnik Zoologii 49(5):477–478.

Mirshamsi, O. (2005a). New records of three Latrodectus species found in Khorasan Province (Araneae: Theridiidae). Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 1(1): 52-58.

Mirshamsi, O. (2005b). Faunistic study of spiders in Khorasan Province, Iran (Arachnida: Araneae). Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 1(1): 59-66.

Mirshamsi, O. (2006). Introducing the spider Steatoda paykulliana (Araneae: Theridiidae) from Khorasan Province. Science Journal of University of Tehran 4: 1-4. [In Persian]

Mirshamsi, O. & Darvish, J. (2005). First record of two Argiope species from Khorasan and Mazandaran Provinces (Araneae: Araneidae). Science Journal of University of Tehran 3: 403-412. [In Persian]

Mirshamsi, O., Darvish, J. & Goodarzi, H. R. (2000). Identification and study of five genera of crab spiders in Khorasan Province (Araneae, Thomisidae). Journal of the Entomological Society of Iran 19(1/2): 15-29. [In Persian]

Mirshamsi, O., Hatami, M. & Zamani, A. (2013). New record of the Mediterranean recluse spider Loxosceles rufescens (Dufour, 1820) and its bite from Khorasan Province, northeast of Iran (Aranei: Sicariidae). Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 9(1): 83-86.

Mirshamsi, O., Marusik, Y. M. & Jamili, E. (2013). The spider family Hersiliidae Thorell, 1870 (Arachnida: Araneae) in Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 59: 347-352.

Mirshamsi, O., Marusik, Y. M., Zamani, A., Moradmand, M. & Kashefi, R. (2015a). Fauna Iranica: I. Annotated checklist of the spiders of Iran (Arachnida: Araneae). Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics, Supplement 1: 1-108.

Mirshamsi, O., Saneei, S., Aliabadian, M. & Ghassemzadeh, F. (2015b). New data on the wolf spiders of Iran (Aranei: Lycosidae). Arthropoda Selecta 24(1): 99-106.

Mirshamsi, O., Shayestehfar, A., Musavi, S. & Hamta, A. (2013). New data on the jumping spiders from northeast of Iran (Aranei: Salticidae). Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 9(2): 117-123.

Mirshamsi, O., Zamani, A. & Marusik, Y. M. (2016). A survey of Hersiliidae (Arachnida: Araneae) of Iran with description of one new genus and two new species. Journal of Natural History 50(23-24): 1447-1461.

Moradi, M., Yağmur, E. A., Moradi-Ghrakhloo, P. & Zamani, A. (2016). First record of Filistata lehtineni Marusik & Zonstein, 2014 for the fauna of Iran (Araneae: Filistatidae). Biharean Biologist 10(1): 53-54.

Moradmand, M. (2013). The stone huntsman spider genus Eusparassus (Araneae: Sparassidae): systematics and zoogeography with revision of the African and Arabian species. Zootaxa 3675: 1-108.

Moradmand, M. & Jäger, P. (2011). A review on the huntsman spider genus Spariolenus Simon, 1880 (Araneae: Sparassidae: Heteropodinae) in Iran with description of four new species. Zootaxa 2910: 46-62.

Moradmand, M. & Jäger, P. (2012). Taxonomic revision of the huntsman spider genus Eusparassus Simon, 1903 (Araneae: Sparassidae) in Eurasia. Journal of Natural History 46: 2439-2496.

Moradmand, M., Mirshamsi, O. & Hula, V. (2015). New records of the huntsman spider genus Olios (Araneae: Sparassidae) from Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan. Zoology in the Middle East 61(1): 76-80.

Moradmand, M., Schönhofer, A. L. & Jäger, P. (2014). Molecular phylogeny of the huntsman spider family Sparassidae with focus on the genus Eusparassus and notes on the RTA-clade and “Laterigradae”. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 74: 48–65.

Moradmand, M., Zamani, A. & Jäger, P. (2016). On the genus Cebrennus Simon, 1880 in Iran with description of a new species from Iranian Central Desert (Araneae: Sparassidae). Zootaxa 4121(2): 187­­–193.

Mozaffarian, F. (2000). First report of three genera and two species for the spider fauna of Iran. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran 20(1): 107-108.

Mozaffarian, F. & Marusik, Y. M. (2001). A checklist of Iranian spiders (Aranei). Arthropoda Selecta 10(1): 67-74.

Mozaffarian, F. & Tirgari, S. (2000). Field and laboratory studies on some aspects of life and behavior of spiders. Pajouhesh-va-Sazandegi 49: 102-109. [In Persian]

Mozaffarian, F., Tirgari, S. & Bayat-Asadi, H. (2000). Investigations on the fauna of spiders in paddy fields of Mazandaran and Gilan provinces. Applied Entomology and Phytopathology 67(1/2): 51-70. [In Persian]

Muster, C. & Thaler, K. (2004). New species and records of Mediterranean Philodromidae (Arachnida, Araneae): I. Philodromus aureolus group. In: Thaler, K. (ed.) Diversität und Biologie von Webspinnen, Skorpionen und anderen Spinnentieren. Denisia 12, 305-326.

Najm, S. A., Al-Hadlak, K. S. & Seyyar, O. (2015). A new species of the genus Enoplognatha Pavesi, 1880 (Araneae: Theridiidae) from Iraq. Serket 14(4): 184-188.

Namaghi, H. S., Kaykhosravi, M. & Zamani, A. (2014). New data and records of spiders from North-Eastern Iran (Arachnida: Araneae). Serket 14(2): 105-110.

Namaghi, H. S., Safari, A., Entezari, E. & Zamani, A. (2016a). New faunistic records of spiders (Araneae) from northeastern Iran. Zoology and Ecology 26: 18-21.

Omelko, M. M. (2011). Redescription of the poorly known central Asian Titanoeca lehtineni Fet, 1986 (Araneae, Titanoecidae). ZooKeys 144: 81-85.

Ono, H. (2009). The Spiders of Japan with keys to the families and genera and illustrations of the species. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, xvi+739 pp.

Ono, H. & Martens, J. (2005). Crab spiders of the families Thomisidae and Philodromidae (Arachnida: Araneae) from Iran. Acta Arachnologica, Tokyo 53: 109-124.

Otto, S. (2014). Caucasian Spiders: a faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus. Version 1.4. Internet: http://caucasus-spiders.info/

Ovtchinnikov, S. V., Ahmad, B. & Gurko, V. O. (2009). Parazodarion, a new genus of the spider family Zodariidae (Araneae) from Asia. Vestnik Zoologii 43: 471-474.

Ovtsharenko, V. I., Levy, G. & Platnick, N. I. (1994). A review of the ground spider genus Synaphosus (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). American Museum Novitates 3095: 1-27.

Özkütük, R. S., Marusik, Y. M., Danişman, T., Kunt, K. B., Yağmur, E. A. & Elverici, M. (2013). Genus Scytodes Latreille, 1804 in Turkey (Araneae, Scytodidae). Hacettepe Journal of Biology and Chemistry 41: 9-20.

Pavlovsky, E. N. (1942). Venomous animals of Central Asia and Iran. Stalinabad: Tadzhik Fil AN SSSR, 116 pp.

Pickard-Cambridge, F. O. (1902). On the spiders of the genus Latrodectus, Walckenaer. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1902(1): 247-261.

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Pocock, R. I. (1901). Descriptions of some new species of spiders from British India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 13: 478-498.

Pocock, R. I. (1903). Arachnida. In: Forbes, H. O. (ed.) The Natural History of Sokotra and Abd-el-Kuri. Special Bulletin of the Liverpool Museum, pp. 175-208.

Rafinejad, J., Tirgari, S., Biglarian, F. & Shemshad K. (2007). Systematics, Bioecology, and Medical Importance of Widow Spiders (Lathrodectus spp.) in Khorasan Province, Iran. Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases 1(1): 52-57.

Rahmani, F., Khojasteh, M. B., Bakhtavar, H. E., Nia, K. S., Roohi, A. J., Massoud, A., Fakhrayi, B. N. & Shahbazi, S. (2014). Identification of Widow Spider in East Azerbaijan, Iran: case series. Medical Journal of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences and Health Services 36(1): 82-86. [In Persian]

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